Garam masala is a blend of ground spices commonly used in Indian cuisine. The name "garam masala" literally means "hot mixture," but it does not necessarily refer to the heat level of the spices. Rather, it refers to the warming effect that the blend has on the body.
Garam masala typically contains a mixture of spices such as cumin, coriander, cardamom, cinnamon, cloves, and black pepper. Other spices like nutmeg, mace, and bay leaves may also be added, depending on the recipe and regional variations.
To use garam masala in cooking, it is typically added towards the end of the cooking process to preserve its flavors. It can be used to flavor a variety of dishes, including curries, soups, stews, and even baked goods.
Garam masala is widely available in Indian grocery stores and online, and can also be made at home by grinding together whole spices. It should be stored in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.